Get the complete project »
- The Complete Research Material is averagely 100 pages long and it is in Ms Word Format, it has 1-5 Chapters.
- Major Attributes are Abstract, All Chapters, Figures, Appendix, References.
- Study Level: BTech, BSc, BEng, BA, HND, ND or NCE.
- Full Access Fee: ₦7,000
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Pipeline transportation is the newest among the other means of transportation in South East, Nigeria. Much attention has not been given to it owing to the following factors; firstly, it is relatively a recent origin secondly, its’ operations and services are not in the lands of private individuals and companies. Hence, everything about pipeline transportation in Nigeria is strictly in the hands of the Federal Government.
Nigeria’s economy is dominated by the oil and gas sector. In 2004, this sector accounted for about 80% of all government revenue, 90-95% of export revenues, and over 90% of foreign exchange earnings (Aluko, 2004).The country is Africa’s leading oil producer and at a global level, ranks among the top 10 oil producers (Olokesusi, 2005). Most of the oil and gas is produced in the Niger Delta Region, presently defined by the political boundary of nine statesi - Abia, Akwa-Ibom, Bayelsa, Cross-River, Delta, Edo, Imo, Ondo and Rivers.
According to Kupoliyi (2000: 98), pipeline has been in use for transporting materials for centuries. He further stated that, pipeline are used for distributing potable water in urban areas. Though the pipelines network for the transportation and distribution of water in urban areas are usually short, they use the same basic principles as the ones for distributing petroleum products.
From the above, it is ascertained that pipelines were first used for distributing potable water, later; they were used for moving gases and a variety of liquids within plants as well as locations apart. Today pipelines are widely used for transporting petroleum products and some liquids over long distances.
Olakunori (2000:208) reported that petroleum pipelines made recent discovering into Nigeria. According to him, the products pumped through the Nigeria pipelines include the following:
• Premium motor spirit (PMS) otherwise known as petrol;
• Automotive Gas Oil (A G 0), otherwise known as diesel;
• Household Kerosene, (HHK).
In additions to these, aviation turbine kerosene (ATK), otherwise known as avgas, is pumped from Mosimi to Abuja to Ikeja Airport regularly. Pumping is done in batches of between 15,000 to 50,000 cubic metres in such a way as to avoid contaminations. Delivery of the various products’ grades into storage depots is strictly monitored and controlled from the control centres located in Mosimi, Warrri, Kaduna and Port Harcourt (PPMC 1996:4). Once pumping begins and a product leaves the refinery tanks, its arrival time at any particular depot like Aba can easily be forecasted.
Liquidified natural gas (LNG) is pumped through the Escravos-Lagos pipelines (ELP) dedicated to gas. At orasent, is the only operational gas pipeline that has been completed in the country (Adeyinka 2000:43).
According to Ndukwe (2000:5) the pipeline network is divided in five system — 2A, 2B, 2C, 2D,and 2E which are serviced by pump stations at Altas Cove, Mosimi, Ibadan, Kaduna, Zaria, Jos, Gombe, Escravos, Port Harcourt and Enugu. There are also booster pump stations at the Warri — Kaduna pipeline at Abudu, Auchi, Lokoja, Abuja, Izom and Sarkin Pawa. According to Amodu (2000:19) the existing arrangement for distribution of patrol, begins with the four refineries, Port Harcourt I and II, Warri and
Kaduna. The products from these refineries are distributed nationwide through a system of strategic storage depots, booster or pumping stations, some jetties and a network of pipelines. He further explain that from the eastern axis, pipelines from port Harcourt refinery lead to Aba pumping station, and then to Enugu which is both a storage depot and pumping station, and then on the another depot at Makurdi. From the Western axis, pipelines lead from Warri refinery to storage depot at Benin, then to ore and Ikorodu/Lagos to Ibadan and on to Ilorin. A special pipeline for Crude only lead from Warri through Benin to Auchi and on to Kaduna. From the northern axis, pipeline lead from Kaduna refinery and storage depot to Zaria, Gusau, Kono, Jos, Gombe and Maiduguni with pumping stations at Zania, and Jos.
According to Udensi (1999:27), the Nigeria government intends to extend the gas pipeline to other West African Countries in order to encourage gas utilization and exploit the commercial opportunities in the sub-region. Some of these countries are:
• Benin Republic
• Sierra Leone
• Burkina Faso
• Cape Verde
According to Ike (1999:106), the construction of Phases I- III pipeline system enables Nigeria Government to achieve the following objectives:
i. Provision of additional distribution depots at Sulaja, and Minna.
ii. Connection of Kaduna Refinery products depot with the refineries
Harcourt and Warn, not only to make up
You either get what you want or your money back. T&C Apply
You can find more project topics easily, just search
SIMILAR MARKETING FINAL YEAR PROJECT RESEARCH TOPICS
1. ATTITUDE OF CONSUMERS TOWARDS MADE IN NIGERIA PRODUCTS. (A STUDY OF FOOTWEAR PRODUCTS IN THE LAGOS METROPOLIS)» CHAPTER ONE 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Nigeria is facing economic recession which became noticeable in the early eighties. This is aggravated by the ...Continue Reading »
2. EVALUATION OF THE EFFECTS OF NIGERIA’S INTERNATIONAL IMAGE AND REPUTATION MANAGEMENT ON FOREIGN NATIONALS’ PERCEPTION OF THE COUNTRY» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study A country’s image and reputation are as important as the country itself. Evidently, no coun...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY This research work is on the topic: problems and prospects of marketing industrial products in Ni...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE 1.1 ... 1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM Marketing is about identifying and meeting human needs profitably (Kotler and Keller, 2004). Making the r...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE 1.1 INTRODUCTION Nigeria has emerged as the fastest growing telecommunication market on the African continent. The telecoms industry has e...Continue Reading »
» ABSTRACT This study express the tonal patterns of the standard Igbo language and Isuofia dialects of the same language. The purpose is to find out the...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study Prices go by many names. It is all around us. The price of a worker is wages, incomes taxes are t...Continue Reading »
8. THE IMPACT OF MARKETING STRATEGIES ON CUSTOMERS PATRONAGE OF COMMERCIAL BANK SERVICES IN ENUGU METROPOLIS» CHAPTER ONE 1.9 INTRODUCTION In Nigeria, commercial banks in the past were not market oriented; all their efforts were directed at selling what they (...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Most of the consumers in Nigeria are ignorant of the existing laws that protect them more especia...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY To achieve a set of organizational goals and objectives, companies conceptualize, design, and imp...Continue Reading »