SEMANTIC REDUNDANCY IN STUDENTS’ SPEECHES: A CASE STUDY OF MATHEMATICS DEPARTMENT

SEMANTIC REDUNDANCY IN STUDENTS’ SPEECHES: A CASE STUDY OF MATHEMATICS DEPARTMENT

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CHAPTER ONE

1.0 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

This project is an attempt to study some of the semantic redundancies found in students' speech. This is with a view to identify some long observed peculiarities in the use of redundancy in the students' use of English.

In the context of language studies, semantics occupies the end continuum. Semantics is at the top level because it deals with communication and interpretation. The major problem is with the definition of the subject simply as the study of meaning. Meaning is the target/goal in language. In whatever we do, we try to get meaning. The challenge is trying to find the meaning of meaning itself

Ogden and Richard (1923) said the major problem in semantics is trying to control "what is meaning".

This project work is concerned with the repetitions made by students while speaking.

However, any issue raised here would be considerably discussed and illustrated with adequate examples. Thus the findings of this work will on the other hand add to the existing literature(s) on semantic redundancy as a localized contribution to knowledge.

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1.1 AIM AND OBJECTIVES

The aim of this project is to identify and analyze the features of redundancy in the speech of students of the Department of Mathematics of the Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto.

The specific objectives of this project are to:

i.            Determine the linguistic motivation for redundancy.

ii.            Establish a clear demarcation between samples of data taken and their Standard English version.

1.2 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The importance of clarity and correctness in communication cannot be over emphasized. Therefore, this work on semantic redundancy is desirable because it provides some insights into the prevalence of redundancy in the verbal interaction of the students selected as the subject of the project. More so, the findings of this work will not only contribute to the existing literature on semantic redundancy, but would help anyone who goes through this work to avoid tautology in their speech.

The researcher hopes this work will aid subsequent researchers in the related field/ topics and will be a body of knowledge in the field of scholarship as it will be a source for further research.

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1.3 SCOPE AND LIMITATION

The research work is confined to an investigation of semantic redundancy among the students of Mathematic Department, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto.

Semantics is not the only field of linguistics in which the issue of redundancy can be observed; other levels of linguistic analysis also demonstrate redundancy. There are phonological, morphological and syntactic redundancies. However, for the purpose of finance, time, opportunity, and limited materials, this research is limited to only semantic redundancy.

1.4 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

The instrument used in collecting data is observation with notes. The observation made will be unknown to the students

For a research of this kind, observation is a reliable method of data collection. It provides good and authentic information, as the observed are unaware of the observer's note, and so, they cannot manipulate their utterance.

1.5 DEFINITION OF TERMS

"Semantics is the study of meaning in language" (Hurford & Heasley, 1983).

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"Linguistic semantics is the study of how language organize and express meaning" (Kreidler, 1998).

“Extra ratio of predictability is called Redundancy"(Campbell, 1982).

"Semantics is the study of the meaning of words and phrases” (Oxford Advance Learners Dictionary, 2010).

"Redundancy is the state of not being necessary or useful" (Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary, 2010).

1.6 CONCLUSION

In this chapter, the background of the study, aims and objectives, significance of the study, scope and limitation, definitions of terms as well as the research method have been presented to serve as adequate background to the study.

The second chapter will gives a review of the literature related to this work.


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