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TABLE OF CONTENTS
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
1.1 Introduction - - - - - - - - - 1
1.2 Statement of the Problem - - - - - - - 5
1.3 Aim and Objectives of the Study - - - - - - 7
1.4 Justification and Significance of the Study - - - - - 8
1.5 Scope and Delimitation of the Study - - - - - - 9
1.6 Research Methodology - - - - - - - 12
1.7 Literature Review - - - - - - - - 12
1.8 Conclusion - - - - - - - - - 22
A HISTORY OF KADUNA
2.1 Introduction - - - - - - - - - 23
2.2 Geography and Location of Kaduna - - - - - - 23
2.3 Land and People of Kaduna - - - - - - - 27
2.4 Growth and Development of Kaduna - - - - - 32
2.5 Conclusion - - - - - - - - - 37
A HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE SHEIKH GUMI MARKET IN KADUNA
3.1 Introduction - - - - - - - - - 38
3.2 Evolution of the Market- - - - - - - - 38
3.3 Growth and Development of the Market - - - - - 42
3.4 Structure of the Market - - - - - - - 44
3.5 Administrative Setup of the Market - - - - - - 51
3.6 Commercial Specialization in the Market - - - - - 55
3.7 Factors Militating Commerce and Development in Kaduna State - - 61
3.7.1 In-efficient Railway system - - - - - - - - 61
3.7.2 Collapse of Industries - - - - - - - - 66
3.7.3 Market fire - - - - - - - - - 70
3.8 Conclusion - - - - - - - - - 72
THE SHEIKH GUMI MARKET ANDTHE DEVELOPMENT OF KADUNA METROPOLIS
4.1 Introduction - - - - - - - - - 73
4.2 The establishment of other markets within Kaduna Metropolis - - 74
4.3 The Establishment and Development of the Towns within the Kaduna Metropolis -79
4.4 Other Superstructures around the Market - - - - - 81
4.5 Conclusion - - - - - - - - - 89
5.1 Introduction - - - - - - - - - 90
5.2 Summary - - - - - - - - - 90
5.3 Suggestions and Recommendations - - - - - - 94
5.4 Conclusion - - - - - - - - - 97
Bibliography - - - - - - - - - 98
It should be noted that this paper is a conscious attempt to uncover and make understandable the many ways in which the Sheikh Mahmud Gumi Market (Central Market) had encouraged, triggered or stimulated the development of the Kaduna metropolis. As such, in order to shade light towards such conscious effort, it is imperative for one to have a clearer and deeper understanding of what a market is and it is also important to understand what development actually is and what it means.
A market is a group of people who wish to exchange goods and services with each other. This group of people is made up of all those who wish to make and sell a particular good or service, and all those willing to buy it. Any market therefore is made up of producers and consumers. A market need not be in just one particular place. For the economist, anyone who wishes to buy or sell a good of service, wherever they are in the world, is part of market. Markets can be spread over a small area or a very large area. If an economist talks of a perfect market, then is one where no one producer or consumer alone can influence the price charged for goods and services. On the other hand, an imperfect market is one where perhaps a powerful producer or powerful consumer can affect the price charged for goods and services to their own advantage.1
1. D. motion Moynihan and Brian Tetley, Economics A complete course, Third edition, oxford: (Oxford university press, 2000) P.16-17
By looking at market structures we can analyze how much competition there is among firms making a particular product in an industry, and try to judge whether there is enough competition to ensure that consumers are not over charged for the product and that they get what they want with the best possible use being made of resources.
Perfect competition suggests that the perfect use of resources is being made by firms in markets where they face many competing firms. The firms providing the best quality goods and services at the lowest price will be the most successful.
Competition among firm encourage them to make a good use of scarce resources, because in order to make profits these firms must produce products that give the best value for money for consumers. The greatest competition between firms in a market is found in a situation of perfect competition.
A perfect competitive market is characterized by the followings:
Homogenous Product: All firms produce the same product.
Price takers: There are a very large number of buyers and sellers of the product, none of whom can buy or sell enough to be able to influence the price of the product as such; they are known as price takers.
Perfect information: All buyers will know all about the prices and products on sale, and all sellers have all the information on the latest production techniques.
Freedom of entry and exit: Firms can freely enter or leave the industry if they wish. That is, there are no barriers to entry or exit.
However, it is more likely for a number of large firms to have some control over the price they charge for their product. The extreme opposite to perfect competition is situation of monopoly. A firm is a pure monopoly if it is the only supplier of a particular good or service. A monopoly market is characterized with the followings:
No competition: being the only supplier of a good or service a monopoly faces no competition from other firms.
Abnormal profits: because there is no competition, the monopolist is able to permanently earn high profits, often known as abnormal profits.
Price makers: a monopolist is not a price taker. Because the monopolist produces all of a particular good or service for a market it can raise the price of its product by supplying less of it.
Barriers of entry: in perfect competition if firms earned profits greater than normal profits other firms would want to earn these profits as well. They would enter the market and start up production. Prices and profits would fall back to normal as supply increased. Monopolists, however, can keep their large profits by preventing new firms from entering their market and taking some of their abnormal profits. Monopolists do this by creating barriers to entry.
Imperfect information: under monopoly there is not perfect information. For example, a firm may hide the price it charges to one group of consumers from another group which is charged a different price.
Non-homogenous products: monopolist firms often do not produce a homogenous product. Usually they will produce different varieties of their product in order to make it difficult for other firms to copy them.2
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