ATTITUDE OF WORKING MOTHERS TOWARDS EXCLUSIVE BREASTFEEDING IN MARAFAMETROPOLIS, KADUNA NORTH, KADUNA STATE.

ATTITUDE OF WORKING MOTHERS TOWARDS EXCLUSIVE BREASTFEEDING IN MARAFAMETROPOLIS, KADUNA NORTH, KADUNA STATE.

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ABSTRACT

This research set out the attitude of working mothers towards exclusive breast feeding practice in Marafa Metropolis Kaduna North, Kaduna State. The respondents were selected through simple random sampling. In all of were sample for the study. Data was collected randomly from various sources, and analyzed using simple percentage methods. The findings showed that the variables like mothers level knowledge, mothers attitude forwards exclusive breastfeeding, mother level of education among others were all significant to their practice of exclusive breastfeeding, the study concluded that professional working mothers find it difficult to exclusively breastfeed their babies and full time employment status and family member’s influence undermine thepractice of exclusive breastfeeding. It was recommended that government must guarantee that work place is free of harassment and discrimination against women who prefer to breastfeed their babies through appropriate mechanisms.

Breastfeeding facilities should be provided under hygienic environment for maximum health care.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page    -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        i

Declaration -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        ii

Approval page     -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        iii

Dedication  -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        iv

Acknowledgement                   -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        v

Abstract      -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        vi

Table of contents  -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        -        vii

CHAPTER ONE

Background of the study

Purpose of the study

Significance of the study

Research question

Scope of the study

CHAPTER TWO

Introduction

What is exclusive breastfeeding

Benefits of Exclusive breastfeeding to the infact

Attitude solution with exclusive practice

Sources and knowledge of exclusive breastfeeding information

Professional working mothers and exclusive breastfeeding

Exclusive breastfeeding trends in the developing world

CHAPTER THREE

Methodology

Research design

Area of study

Sampling and sampling technique

Instrument of data collection

Administration of questionnaire

Validity and rehabilitee of instrument

CHAPTER FOUR

Introduction

Data presentation

CHAPTER FIVE: Discussion, summary, Recommendation and conclusion

Recommendation of the study

Recommendation for further study

Limitation

Conclusion

Reference


CHAPTER ONE

1.0     BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

According to WHO exclusive breastfeeding moons that infantrevived only breast milk. No other liquids or solids are givens, not even water with the exception of oral rehydration solution, or drops/symps of vitamins, minerals or medicine.

Breastfeeding has many health benefits both for mother and infant. Breastfeeding contain all the nutrients an infant heeds in the first six months a of life. Breastfeeding protects against diarrhea and common children illnesses such as pneumonia and may also have long-term health benefits for the mother and child such as reducing the risk of overweight and obesity his children and adolescence.

According to (June, 1993)mothers milk has antibodies which are not present in infant formula. These antibodies what protect the body and boost the immune system of infant to enable them fight disease. The human milk in the right proportion also helps inretested and development of infants. Hence the absence of such antibodies and lack of adequate nutrients and vitamins in infants formula, also it is easy for the feeding bottles and other artificial feeding methods to be easily contaminated which will expose the infant to various diseases like respiratory track diseases, skin infection, diarrhea which is serious problem in infants.

Exclusive breastfeeding in encourage and recommended to all mothers worldwide with efforts being made both in the private and public section as a way of achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDG’s) on improving material health. These efforts also directed at reducing infant morbidity the mortality related to mixed feeding as breast milk is very vital for the newly born babies. According to UNICEF (2010), exclusive breastfeeding is giving baby breast milk only and nothing else, not even sips of water except medicine prescribed by the doctor or nurse for the first six months of life.

According to world health organization (2006), in 1991, United Nations International children’s fund (UNICEF) and world health organization (WHO) began in International Campaign called baby friendly hospital initiative. This initiative was meant to promote, protect and support breastfeeding. Most Hospitals in Nigeria have baby friendly initiative. One of 10 steps for baby friend initiative states that there should be no advertising of formula products used for babies under six months. In line with this agreement, Nigeria prohibits the advertisement of such formular on all media in an effort to promote exclusive breastfeeding.

Over the last two decided, there has been a growing attention in the endorsement of exclusive breastfeeding as the recommendation of feeding practice for newborns. This, to a great degree, has been encouraged by increasing scientific substantiation on the significance of exclusive breastfeeding reducing infant morbidity and mortality. Exclusive breastfeeding of the most efficient type of infant feeding for the first six months of life.TheUnited State Breastfeeding Committee (USBC) and American Academy of pediatrics (AAP) declare that breastfeeding is the physiologically normal form of infant and child feeding (Labbok& Taylor, 2008 AAP, 2012).

As such, breastfeeding should be fostered and encourage by health care professionals and public health campaigns in order to normalize 4 in things our culture. Numerous organizations endorse breast milk as the optional source of nutrition for infants (America Academy of Family Physical [AAFP], 2008 AAP 2012: USBC, 2009: United States Department a healthanHuman Services [USDHS], 2011; WHO 2001). These organizations support exclusive breastfeeding for the first six of life (infants) for multiple reasons.

1.1     AIMS AND OBJECTIVE

The purpose of this study will be to examine the practice of exclusive breastfeeding working class mothers in Marafa Metropolis of Kaduna in Kaduna State.

To examine the source and knowledge of exclusive breastfeeding information among working class mothers in Marafa Metropolis.

To determine if working mothers know the benefits of exclusive breastfeeding practice.

To asserts if employment status affects exclusives breast breastfeeding practice among working mothers.

To offer recommendation to help the realization of exclusive breastfeeding practice.

1.2     SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

In view of the present problem of working mothers and breastfeeding and the dangers of inadequate breastfeeding and the adverse affection on mother and infants, the research study will help the individual mother, physical education administration, health workers and the entire local government area, especially for those mothers who because of ignorance or selfish interest do not want improvement on findings and recommendation of this research are also expected to help the local government area in plans to improve on the breast feeding.

1.3     STATEMENT OF RESEARCH PROBLEM

The benefits of exclusive breastfeeding for both mothers and child are universe acknowledged by health providers. Many attempts and hard work to promote exclusive breastfeeding have achieved less than desired outcomes and in order to comprehend and appreciate the dynamics of the practice, a number of studies have been conducted in many part of the world. Much of these studies have focused on factors and barriers to exclusive breastfeeding (Adam et al. 2005; otoo et al. 2009; much less attempts however, have been made at examining the practice of exclusive breastfeeding among professional working mothers. This research is therefore an undertaking to realize the present knowledge gaps.

1.4     RESEARCH QUESTIONS

To guide this study the following research questions were designed:

*        What are the source and knowledge of exclusive breastfeeding information among working mothers in Marafa Metropolis.

*        Do working mothers know the benefits of exclusive breastfeedingpractice.

*        Does employment status affect exclusive breastfeeding practice among working mothers.

*        What is the extend of exclusive breastfeeding practice among working mothers.

1.5     SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The study will be delimited to the attitude of working class mothers toward’s exclusive breastfeeding in Marafa Metropolis Kaduna North, Kaduna State Nigeria.





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