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CHAPTER ONE

Abstract

The purpose of this survey research work  study was to investigate the effects of single parenting Bayesla focusing on the attitude of single parent on education of in primary and secondary schools in ALIEBIRI community of Bayesla  State. Descriptive survey research design was employed. A total of 100 Senior Secondary students randomly selected from five secondary schools in the Local Government were involved in the study. The academic records of the students were obtained from their Principals. Personal data forms were also used to collect information as regards their age, gender, religion, and type of home they come from. Student's t-test statistic was used to analyze the data collected. Results indicated that students from intact homes had significantly better academic achievement than those from single parenting homes. Significant difference was found between the academic achievement of Christian and Muslim students from intact homes whereas none was found between the Christians and Muslims from single parenting homes: Also significant difference was found between the academic achievement of males and females from single parenting homes but none between those from intact homes. The implications of the findings for counseling single pare/its and their children were highlighted.

INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background of the Study

Introduction

Parents are the first point of contact of children. When both parents are present, it implies that the child would derive most care (Ortese, 1998). However, when one of the parent is absent in a child’s life, a gap is created as the child would lose the support that would have emanated from that parent. Ortese (1998) and Salami and Alawode (2000) have asserted that single parenting result from divorce, separation of various kinds, having children from wedlock or death of one spouse which leaves the roles in the hands of a single parent which will result to stress and load  fees and well been of the family, which now affect the attitude of the single parent. education is the foundation a child requires in his or her educational pursuit. The quality of primry education a child get would determine his performance in secondary school as well as tertiary level.

It is in this regard that Malotyre and Clarkj (1996) opined that the  attitude of single parent determine the quality of  education their children or wards receive in primary school. The positive attitude of parent have a positive impact on their children performance and aspiration, help in raising knowledge and increasing understanding and facilitate academic progress through the involvement of parents in their children academic activities. On the other hand negative attitude of single parent towards their children education have a negative effect on their academic progress leading to poor academic performance and consequently the withdrawal of such children from school. This makes such children take to street and become menace to the society later in life.

However, Obodochi (2003)  opined that most parent in the rural areas of Nigeria are careless about the primary education of their children as such put up negative attitude towards their children’s education at level. This is so because most rural dwellers in Nigeria are more interested in achieving short term immediate development of their children as such prefer sending their children to learn vocational trade or assist them in farm work but parent in urban areas have a positive attitude to education of their children and wards owing to their perception about education and the value they attach to education and its effect on the future of their children.

It is in this regard that Wilkinson (1997)  states that the perception of the value of education to a large extent determines the attitude of parent towards their children in Kwali Area Council Abuja.

1.2     Statement of Problem

Primary education is the foundation of education and is very vital to a child’s educational development Okoh (2005).

The attitude of single parent towards education of their children improves their social existence if positively supportive in meeting their primary educational goals. But in spite of the importance of primary education to children’s educational development, the attitude of single parents towards their children education in unsatisfactory and remains a big impediment to primary education in the area understudy. This is evident in the high rate of street hawking by children of primary school age and enrolment in vocational trade during school hours. This is attributed to myriad of vague problems ranging from poverty to cultural and religious constraints as well as parents lost of faith in Western educational sequel to the declining standard of education and the high rate of unemployed graduate combing the street in search of jobs endlessly. Hence the attitude of most single parents towards the education of their children becomes questionable.

It is against this, that the subject matter: the effect of single parent looking at the Attitude towards the primary education of their children is seen as a problem worthy of being study. As such the search light is on Aliebiri community, Bayesla state.

1.3            The Objective Of The Study

The central objective of the study is to examine the attitude of parents towards the primary education of their children in Aliebiri community, Bayesla state.. The specific objectives are:

·                    To find out the perception of single parent about the value of primary education on their children educational development in Aliebiri community, Bayesla state.

·                    To evaluate single parents involvement in their children academic work in Aliebiri community, Bayesla state.

·                    To determine whether the declining standard of primary education affect single parent attitude towards their children education.

·                    To identify that single parental attitude that is militating against primary education in Aliebiri community, Bayesla state.

1.                 To make recommendation for practice, policy and future research on the subject matter.

1.4     Significance of the Study

The significance of a study of this magnitude cannot be overemphasized. Parents, local government education department, state and federal ministries of education involved in policy formulation and implementation, would find this study really useful especially as they utilize the findings of the study.

The study will equally add to the existing body of knowledge on the subject matter. Students undergoing research work similar to the present study who may wish to use this work as a reference material or a spring board for their own work will find this work really useful.

1.5     Research Questions

1.       What are the perception of parents about the value of primary education in Kwali Area Council Abuja?

2.       How involved are parents in their children academic work in Aliebiri community, Primary schools?

3.       Does the declining standard of primary education has any effect on parent attitude towards their children primary education?

4.       What are those parental attitudes that militate against the primary education of children in Aliebiri community, Bayesla state.

1.6     Scope and Limitation of the Study

The study covers the empirical examination of the attitude of single parents towards the primary education of their children in Aliebiri community, Bayesla state.. The study equally covers the perception of parent about the value of primary education as well as their involvement in their children academic work. The study also seek to find out whether the declining standard of education has any effect on the attitude of single parent toward their children primary education as well as those single  parental attitude that militate against primary education in Aliebiri community, Bayesla state.

The research is limited by inaccessibility of research subjects resulting in using less than a fair representative sample, low return rate of questionnaires, inability to use correct data gathering instrument due to ignorance between the researcher’s institution and the study area.

1.7     Definition of Terms

All the terms will be defined as they were used in the context of this research.

·                    Parental Attitude: The way parent behave toward their children primary school.

·                    Parents/Single parent: This refers to a father, mother or guardian responsibility for the educational training of wards or their children in primary school. and single parent refers to one guardians either father or mother looking out for the training of the children.

·                    Primary School: School for children between ages of 5 and 11 establish for elementary studies.

·                    School Management: This is an act of getting things done through teachers or the day to day running and administration of primary school.

·                    Educational Policy: This is the statement of government on education.

·                    Educational leadership: This is the process of formulating and implementing educational polices in primary schools.

·                    Head teacher: A teacher who is in charge  of primary school.


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