Get the complete project »
- The Complete Research Material is averagely 52 pages long and it is in Ms Word Format, it has 1-5 Chapters.
- Major Attributes are Abstract, All Chapters, Figures, Appendix, References.
- Study Level: BTech, BSc, BEng, BA, HND, ND or NCE.
- Full Access Fee: ₦4,000
Clay is a common name for a number of fine grained earthly materials that become plastic and tenacious when moist, and that becomes permanently hard when baked or fired. According to (Velde, 1995), clay is applied to materials having a particle size less than 2 micrometers and to the family of minerals that has similar chemical composition and common crystal structural characteristics.
Clay is formed either as a product of the chemical weathering of pre-existing granitic rock and feldspar minerals particularly in warm tropical and subtropical regions of the world or as a result of the hydrothermal alteration of granitic rocks. Chemically clays are hydrous aluminum silicate, ordinarily containing impurities, for example potassium, sodium, calcium, magnesium, or iron in small amounts and are characterized by sheet silicate structures of composite layers stacked along the c-axis (Grim 1968).
Clay has wide characteristics of physical characteristics such as plasticity, shrinkage under firing and under drying, fineness of grain, colour after drying, hardness, cohesion and capacity of the surface to take decoration.
Clay and clay minerals have been mined sine stone age and have been indispensable in architecture in industry and agriculture.
1.1 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
1. To investigate the physio-chemical properties of clay through laboratory analysis.
2. To understand the mineralogy of clay through laboratory analysis.
3. To investigate their possible industrial applications.
1.2 LOCATION OF STUDY AREA
The study area is located between the latitude 50 11 54.311 (5.03180) north of the equator and longitude 60 241 1.211(6.40030) east of the Greenwich meridian. The area of study is located in Yenegoa local Government area of Bayelsa state in the Niger Delta of Nigeria.
1.3 ACCESSIBILITY OF THE STUDY AREA
Igbogene is situated between Akiogbologbo and Yenegoa and is also nearby to Yenegwe. The study area is 4km south east from Yenegwe Akiobologbo, 5km west from Yenegoa, 5km southwest from Akenfa 5km east from Odieke, 5km east from Agbo and 6km northwest from Agbia.
1.4 CLIMATE OF THE STUDY AREA
The climate of Igbogene is tropical. Like other parts of Nigeria, the area is known to have two seasons, the wet season (rainy season) which begins from March until October and the dry season which begins from November to early parts of March. The average annual temperature is 26.70C and the average rainfall is 2899 mm.
1.5 VEGETATION OF THE STUDY AREA
Igbogene is surrounded by a tropical rain forest to the southern part of Nigeria. The long period of rainfall ensures an adequate supply of water, flooding and also continuous presence of moisture in the air and soil promote growth of every green plant and trees even in dry season. Different types of plants can be found in the area, such as cassava, vegetable sugarcane, water yam, etc. the grasses grow in open parches. The vegetation pattern gives an idea about the soil formation.
1.6 RELIEF AND DRAINAGE
The study area is generally a lowland plain about sea level. The land surface slopes gently in the north-south direction.
The study area is drained by a major river (nun) and creeks which source is the river Niger, the river flows from the north-west to the south-east direction.
1.7 GEOMORPHOLOGY AND GEOMORPHIC UNITS
The geomorphology of the Niger delta is derived mainly from the works of Allen (1946 and 1965) Reyment (1965).
The Niger delta has an essential flat topography and slopes very slightly towards the coast. The area is flat with an elevation exceeding 35m above sea level.
Akpokodje (2001) distinguished (5) geomorphic unit in the Niger Delta are:
1. Dry flat land and plains
2. Fresh water swamps
3. Meander bets and alluvial swamp
4. Salt water or mangrove swamp and active abandoned coastal ridges
5. Sombreiro-wari deffaic plain with abundant of fresh water beach swamp.
You either get what you want or your money back. T&C Apply
You can find more project topics easily, just search
SIMILAR GEOGRAPHY FINAL YEAR PROJECT RESEARCH TOPICS
» ABSTRACT This study examines the rainfall and temperature anomalies at Sokoto for the period 1991 2010. The data on monthly rainfall and temperature o...Continue Reading »
» ABSTRACT This research project is an assessment of built up expansion in Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto from 2007 to 2015. Data for this research...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONEBACKGROUND TO THE STUDY1.1 IntroductionClimate change is one of the greatest contemporary environmental challenges and is global in dimensi...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the study Nigeria is the most populous nation in Africa and the 8th in the world with an estimated figure o...Continue Reading »
5. ANALYSIS OF THE LIVING CONDITIONS OF THE ELDERLY IN LAFIA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, NASARAWA STATE, NIGERIA» ABSTRACT The elderly in Nigeria are denied resources by formal institutions towards retirement and comfort to life in advanced stage of their existenc...Continue Reading »
6. EFFECTS OF CHANGES IN COCOA PRODUCTION ON FARMERS LIVELIHOOD IN EMURE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, EKITI STATE NIGERIA» ABSTRACT There is a growing demand for the resuscitation of the cocoa industry in Nigeria largely due to the dwindling of the foreign exchange earning...Continue Reading »
7. DISTRIBUTION AND UTILIZATION OF FOREST RESOURCES AND ITS IMPLICATIONS ON TRADITIONAL MEDICINE IN MBO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, AKWA IBOM STATE.» ABSTRACT This research project examined the distribution and utilization of forest resources and its implication on traditional medicine. Specific emp...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE RESEARCH The adaptation of technology has remained a significant factor in human progress as a result of ...Continue Reading »
» ABSTRACT Industrial wastes have major impact on the environmental quality both nationally and globally. The waste produced could be hazardous in natur...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study Since the dawn of the new millennium, the whole world has been exposed to various security challenges...Continue Reading »