EFFECTS OF URBAN LAND USE ACTIVITIES ON ENVIRONMENT (A CASE STUDY OF UYO METROPOLIS

EFFECTS OF URBAN LAND USE ACTIVITIES ON ENVIRONMENT (A CASE STUDY OF UYO METROPOLIS

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ABSTRACT

Land use activities in Uyo metropolis have been observed to have effects on the environment in which we live and carry out our business. The aim of the study is to enumerate the physical problems arising from the land use pattern in the study area, to find out the effect of dumpsite on the occupant residential properties, to investigate the effect of petroleum filling station on the residential property value and to verify the effect of traffic congestion on the infrastructure services. The research designs were survey method and questionnaires which were distributed. The population of the study is 350. Business owners: 150, Resident: 200. Sample drawn from the project is the simple techniques and systematic random techniques where vehicle loading point, filling station, dump site are counted after every 500m. The status head analysis adopted is percentages, regression analysis. The finding of the study shows there are different environmental hazard in Uyo metropolis. The conclusion shows that the commercial land use possess more environmental problems than any other land use. Dump site affect resident, filling station affects commercial land use, vehicle loading point affect traffic; Recommendation for this project is policies need to be made with strict rules to reduce the problem in the environment.


TABLE OF TABLE

Title                                                                                                                        Page

Cover Page                  -                       -                       -                       -                       i

Dedication                  -                       -                       -                       -                       ii

Acknowledgement      -                       -                       -                       -                       iii

Abstract                      -                       -                       -                       -                       iv

Table of Contents       -                       -                       -                       -                       v

List of Tables              -                       -                       -                       -                       viii

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background of Study             -                       -                       -                       1         

1.2       Statement of Problems            -                       -                       -                       2

1.3       Aim and Objectives of the Study                   -                       -                       3

1.4       Research Question                  -                       -                       -                       3

1.5       Significance of Study             -                       -                       -                       4                   

1.6       Scope and Limitation              -                       -                       -                       4

1.7       Study Area                              -                       -                       -                       4

CHAPTER TWO: INTRODUCTION

2.1       Urban Land Use-                    -                       -                       -                       7

2.1.1    Urban Land use in Nigeria      -                       -                       -                       8

2.2.2    Measurement and Classification of Urban Land Use             -                       9

2.2.3    Urban Structure                      -                       -                       -                       9

2.2.4    Structural Component and Types of Urban Pattern               -                       9

2.3       Nature of Urban Areas           -                       -                       -                       10

2.3.1    The Concentric Zone Theory  -                       -                       -                       11

2.3.2    Radial Sector Theory              -                       -                       -                       12

2.3.3    Radial Sector Concept                        -                       -                       -                       13

2.3.4    Multiple Nuclei Theory           -                       -                       -                       13

2.3.5    Multiple Nuclei Theory           -                       -                       -                       14

2.4       The Urban Land Use of Uyo Metropolis        -                       -                       17       

2.4.1    Residential Land use              -                       -                       -                       17

2.4.2    Industrial Land Use                -                       -                       -                       17

2.4.3    Recreational Land use                        -                       -                       -                       18

2.4.3    Commercial Land Use            -                       -                       -                       19

2.4.4    Educational Facilities (Institutional Land Use)                      -                       21

2.4.5    Environment Management      -                       -                       -                       23

2.5       Summary         -                       -                       -                       -                       26

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1       Introduction    -                       -                       -                       -                       27

3.2       Research Design                     -                       -                       -                       27

3.3       Population and Sample           -                       -                       -                       27

3.4       Instrument for Data Collection                       -                       -                       28

3.5       Method of Data Analysis       -                       -                       -                       28

CHAPTER FOUR: ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1       Data Analysis  -                       -                       -                       -                       29

CHAPTER FIVE:     DISCUSSION SUMMARY, CONCLUSION

 AND RECOMMENDATION

5.1       Discussion       -                       -                       -                       -                       32

5.2      Summary         -                       -                       -                       -                       33

 5.3      Conclusion      -                       -                       -                       -                       34

5.4       Recommendation                    -                       -                       -                       34

References


LIST OF TABLES

Table              Title                                                                                                 Page

TABLE 1:      Personal Characteristics          -                       -                       -           29

TABLE 2:      Status Holding of Property     -                       -                       -           30

TABLE 4:      Land Use type in Uyo Urban -                       -                       -           30

TABLE 5:      Land Use Types and Environmental Problem                        -           31



CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1       BACKGROUND OF STUDY

            Land use is the use of land for a single or multiple purpose aimed at achieving a desired result. Land is the center of all activities on earth. The post and primary thing people ever used to meet their need was solely on land (Mbadiwe 2004). That is why we build on land, farm on it, feed and also move on land.

            An urban area implies an area with diverse and spatially dispersed land uses. These land uses attracts and generate movements to and away from them. Consequently, the more land uses and urban area has, the more diversified or greater the socio-economic activities, mobility conflicts and vis-à-vis congestion. These movements will be constrained if the location of the land uses is not planned. Urban area requires adequate planning and control in order to ensure harmonious development and functional efficacy of uses.

            To ensure adequate planning and orderly development of urban facilities and services there must be development control mechanism. As population in the urban areas increases, urban planning become more critical and the pressure and the pressure on the facilities is high. According to Oyesiku (1997) the forms and patterns of distribution of structure in general to promote the good health, accessibility, convenience and harmonious land use in environment area functions of a considerable extent of the right and methods of dealing with land. Due to rapid urban growth and mixed land uses in Uyo urban, there is an increase in land use problems such as blighted structures, rising from the costs of land, flooding, overcrowding and congestion, etc.

Urban land use structures account for land use changes and the activities are more frequently analyzed to include, residential, commercial, industrial, transportation and to a lesser extent public and other services. Within the broader realm of oriented studies of land use, two particular approaches have been developed. They are the behavioral and the institutional. The behavioral attempted to describe and explain land use pattern as a function of factors, influencing human behavior and decision making to causing on human activity system (Chaplin and Kaiser 1990).

1.2       STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS

            In Uyo urban, there seems to be agglomeration of most of the land uses such that there is a clustering of space. Similarly, the allocation of space to most of the land uses types usually does not take into consideration the effect cause on the other land uses. These effect are overcrowding, traffic congestion, flooding, pollution etc.

            Another urban land use problems in Uyo is the uncoordinated locations of functionally related land uses, examples are the location of filling stations near commercial and residential buildings such as Total, Mobil, Keybros filling station along Ikot ekpene road, Winmos, Nossien, NNPC filling stations along Oron road etc. The low level of awareness an enlightenment on the provision of Uyo Mater Plan (1988) for Uyo capital led to the development of urban land uses contrary to the set goals. Property developers see the existing Uyo master plan and its provisions as a restrictive imposition on the development drive of the people.

1.3       AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The research work is aimed at examining the land use in Uyo metropolis in order to pin-point the problems inherent in the area that are associated with urban land use control and to determine whether there is any significant relationship to the people perception of planning and attitude towards land use control with the specific objectives as;

                    i.            To enumerate the physical problems/conflict arising from land use pattern in the study area.


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