A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF ENGLISH AND IGALA MORPHOLOGICAL PROCESSES

A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF ENGLISH AND IGALA MORPHOLOGICAL PROCESSES

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ABSTRACT

English language is widely spoken across the globe. Igala language is not that favoured. It is spoken locally in its geographical location.                             This research studies the two languages comparatively.      The notion of comparative analysis is essentially aimed at establishing, the possibilities of differences or similarities in any filed of interest. In this research, the comparison is aimed at establishing the points of divergence and convergence in an international (English) and locally spoken language (Igala). Firstly, the theory of grammar universals proposes that all languages whatever their composition and disposition, are structurally and semantically identical. Secondly, the notion of the universality of morphology in the same vein, proposes that there exist the concept of morphemes and morphological processes in all languages of the world. These claims account for the reason why this research, looks at morphological processes as used in both languages. The researcher examines the notion of morphological processes in Igala. To establish what processes are employed and how the processes occur in English. It is based on this comparison that data was generated for analyses on the findings of the research. The researcher used the concept of Halliday’s (1975) scale and category theory, and Nida’s (1949) six principles for identifying morphemes in the study of both languages, after which conclusion were drawn.

 CHAPTER ONE

GENERAL INTRODUCTION 1.0 INTRODUCTION

Language is very important to man and his

environment. It has pulled a lot of concern from time

past, till date – hence the birth of the field of linguistics.

Here, languages are studied scientifically for obvious

reasons.      It     is     most     fundamental      to     human

communications and existence. It does not occur

haphazardly De Saussure (1959: 7–11) but demonstrates

patterns; it is innate abilities that result in formed

grammatical sentences. It is purely attributable to

humans “… a system of voluntary produced symbols”,

Sapir (1921). The importance of language therefore

cannot be overlooked.        It cannot be separated from

individual and society. Language is an embodiment of

speech through which the lives and experiences of

individuals in the society are expressed.

Every language of the world has a set of specified

rules that must be observed by the users to enhance

understanding. These sets of rules are the concern of

linguists. Hence the classification of language arms

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according to the tenets of these rules – syntax,

phonology, semantics, pragmatics, morphology etc.

1.1 THE IGALA LANGUAGE

History Of The Igala Orthography And Dialect

The Igala language was committed to writing at about the mid 19th century by Clark (1848). This was closely followed by the work of Rev. Koelle - Polyglotta Africana (1854), and Bishop Ajayi Crowder. All these initial efforts were written wordlist, which were compared with their English counterparts. The first kn


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