SOCIO ECONOMIC VARIABLES INFLUENCE ON STUDENTS’ CHOICE OF CAREER IN EKEREMOR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF BAYELSA STATE

SOCIO ECONOMIC VARIABLES INFLUENCE ON STUDENTS’ CHOICE OF CAREER IN EKEREMOR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF BAYELSA STATE

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ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to determine socio economic variables that influence students’ choice of career in Sagbama Local Government Area of Bayelsa State. In order to carry out this research objectively, three (3) specific objectives and three research questions guided the study. A survey design was adopted for the study. The population of the study was ten (10) public senior secondary schools in Ekeremo Local Government Area of Bayelsa State with total number of 650 students. Sample size of One Hundred and Fifty (150) students from ten (10) secondary schools was selected using simple random sampling technique. The researcher developed a structured questionnaire titled social economic variable influence on student’s choice of career Questionnaire (SEVISCCQ) was used for data collection. The questionnaire was face validated by my supervisor and 2 other experts in the faculty of education. The reliability of the instrument was determined using cronbach Alpha method and it yielded an overall reliability co-efficient of 0.83 and was deemed high enough to embark on the study. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions. The findings of the study revealed that, family occupation, parents income and parents occupation influence students choice of career. The findings of the study also revealed that parents decisions concerning career choice of their children is not always the final all the time. Based on the findings, it was recommended that   efforts should be made in counseling students in other to assist them to understand themselves, in-terms of general intellectual, emotional, physical and social strength and weakness, so as to prevent possible frustration and inability to actualize their career aspirations and goals. It was also recommended that Guidance Counselors should be employed in secondary schools where they are not available for the ultimate benefit of providing each student with the necessary career services.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background of the study

Choosing a career is often considered a major turning point in a young  adults’ life. This decision alone has the potential to open the door for success or close the door of opportunity. While  often perceived  to be an individual  choice,  research  suggests  that a variety  of influences  such as family,  school,  community, and social and economic  factors are likely to manipulate  one's  ultimate  career decision  (Ferry,  2006). Among these factors, students report that parents  have the greatest  influence  on which  career they choose  (Kniveton,   2004).

Few parents seem to recognize this impact  and still believe  that they have little to do with the career  choices  of their children  (Taylor,  Harris,  & Taylor, 2004). In a study from the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill (Taylor, Harris, & Taylor, 2004), almost half of freshman parents stated that they believed they should remain neutral in regard to their child's career development. However, additional studies show that parents have a greater influence than teachers on career choice (Kniveton, 2004) and can even influence what major their children choose to pursue in college (Simpson, 2003).  It is clear that parents believe they have less influence o


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