Educating The Girl Child in a Polygamous Family in Nigeria

Educating The Girl Child in a Polygamous Family in Nigeria

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1.1 Background of the study 
 In the context of human society, a family (from latin word familia) is a 
group of people affiliated by consanguinity (by recognized birth), affinity 
(by marriage) or co-residence and/or shared consumption (nurture 
kinship). Members of the immediate family include spouses, parents,
brothers, sisters, sons and/or daughters. Members of the extended family 
may include grandparents, aunts, uncles, cousins, nephews, nieces and/or 
siblings-in-law. In most societies, the family is the principal institution for 
the socialization of children. As the basic unit for raising children 
anthropologists generally classify most family organization as multifocal (a 
mother and her children); conjugal (a husband, his wife) and children also 
called nuclear family) avuncular (for example, a grandparents, a brother, 
his sister and her children) or extended parents and children co-reside with 
other members of one parents family. Sexual relations among the 
members are regulated by rules concerning incest such as the incest. 
       Family is used metaphorically to create more inclusive categories such as 
community nationhood, global village and humanism. Generally is a field 
which aims to trace family lineages through history. Family is also an 
important economic unit studied in family economic. One of the primary 
functions of the family involves providing a framework for the production 
and reproduction of persons, biologically and/or socially. This can occur 
through the sharing of materials/substances (such as food), the giving and 
receiving of care and nurture (nurture kinship) rural rights and obligation 
and moral and sentimental ties. Thus ones experience of one’s family shifts 
over time. From the perspective of children, the family is a “family of 
orientation”. The family serves to locate children socially and plays a major 
role in their enculturation and socialization. From the point of view of the 
parents(s) the family is a family of procreation, the goal of which is to 
produce and enculturation and socializes children. However, producing 
children is not the only function of the family in societies with a sexual 
division of labor, marriage, and the resulting relationship between two 
people, it is necessary for the formation of an economically productive 
    Christopher Harris notes that the western conception of family is 
ambiguous, and confused with the household, as revealed in the different 
contexts in which the word is used and so many. There are different types 
of family units which are monoigamo8us and polygamous are inclusive. 
Monogamous family is based on legal or social monogamy. In this case, an 
individual has only one (official) partner during their life’s time or at any 
one time (serial monogamy). This means that a person may not have 
several different legal spouses at the same time, as this is usually 
prohibited by bigamy laws, in jurisdictions that require monogamous 
marriages. Polygamous family unit is a marriage that includes more than 
two partners when a man is married to more than one wife at a time, the 
relationship is called polygamy. Polygamy is the type of marriage system 
practiced in the traditional Africa society whereby a man takes more than 
one wife at the same time. It is practiced because of the prestige it 
accorded a man during the traditional African society. Religiously, most 
religion encouraged the practice of marrying more than one wife for 
instance in Islam you are encouraged to marry as many wives as you can, 
depending on your financial ability. 

In every society there are some specific structure designated to meet the 
immediate need of the society consequent upon this, is Oredo settlement 
she has a robust nature of socialization which clearly defines the role of 
both sexes (male and female). Over the years position of women in Nigeria 
societies, especially in Oredo, has not be given a serious concern. The girl 
child’s education has not been given the priority attention especially in the 
polygamous family. She continues to languish in social inequality (such as 
education) and relegated to the background. The resultant effect of this 
lack of fortune, the girl child is not given adequate attention she is retorted 
to both growth and development; this is as a result of the unhealthy waling 
that existed in polygamous family there are always constant quarrels, 
hatred, disunity, hostility as well as diabolism. Another striking effect 
inherent in weak or mismanagement of polygamous family is the audience 
of a broken home.

The main objective of this study is educating the girl child in a polygamous 
family in Nigeria. But for the successful completion of the study; the 
researcher intends to achieve the following sub-objectives; 
1. To highlight the factors which give rise to polygamous family in 
2. To ascertain the effect of polygamous family on the educational 
development of a girl child. 
3. To ascertain the attitude and interest of polygamous family in the 
education of their girl children 
4. To offer suggestion that will bring about lasting solution to this 
menace and eventual happiness to both men and women, to educate 
parents on the need for educating the girl child. 

For the successful completion of the study, the following research 
hypotheses were formulated by the researcher; 
H0: there is effect of polygamous family on the educational development of
a girl child H1: there is no effect of polygamous family on the educational 
development of a girl child 
2: There is significant relationship between factors that give rise to 
polygamous and girl child education 
H1: There is no significant relationship between factors that give rise to 
polygamous and girl child education 

It is believed that at the completion of the study, the study will be of 
immense benefit to the following: the married women because they are 
majority involved in this type of marriage the opinion of the parents about 
the education of girl in a polygamous family unit in Oredo local government 
area of Edo state the findings of the research will be carefully analyzed and 
interpreted through the data collected and solution will be provided to a 
given problems. The study will also be of great benefit to the researchers 
who intends to embark on research on similar topics as it will serve as a 
guide. Finally, the study will be of great importance to academia’s, 
lecturers, teachers, students and the general public. 

The scope of this study covers educating the girl child in a polygamous family in Nigeria. In the course of the study, the researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study; 
available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study 
b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study. 
c) Organizational privacy: Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities. 

EDUCATION: Is the totality of processes through which an individual 
acquires knowledge, skills, attitude and abilities which enable him or her to positively contribute towards the meaningful development of the society. Encyclopedia American a defined Education as a design to affirmatively assist individual to develop their skills or potentials and to lead a productive and satisfying lives culturally, education is the process whereby society preserves and perpetuates its social valves and institutions. It is the means by which the collective wisdom of the past is transmitted to each new 
GIRL CHILD: A young woman, the female child of human species 
POLYGAMOUS: This is the institution that permits the marrying of more than one wife or husband. It can either be polygamous, systematic polygamy is a situation in which a man marries a woman divorce her marries another, divorce her adifinitum. While polyandry is a process whereby a woman get married to more than one husband. 
FAMILY: Family is seen as a subset of an individual total Kinsley network and a key unit of the household or domestic economy, a symbol of social cohesion and moral philosophy. 

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, 
objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study. 
Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and 
presentation of finding. Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and 
recommendations made of the study.

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