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The study on circular economy; looking at transforming plastic waste recycling into Nigeria economy aimed at evaluating the methods used in plastic waste recycling in Lagos State, to determine the effect of plastic waste recycling on the Nigeria economy, to investigate on the factors affecting plastic waste recycling in Lagos State, to determine the benefits of the products from plastic waste recycling to Lagos State. The study made use of primary data which are gotten from the distribution of the research questionnaires; the sample size for the study is 100. The study made use of the Pearson correlation method for the analysis. The study therefore concluded that there is a statistically significantly (0.00) strong relationship (0.819) between the responses of the respondents that said that plastic waste recycling in Lagos state has significant effect on the Nigeria economy and those that said that products from plastic waste recycling plays a significant role in socio-economic development in Nigeria. The study also made useful recommendation to assist the government of Lagos State in decision making.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Waste is introduced into the environment due to the day-to-day activities of humans. Waste management refers to the many methods and processes of dealing with waste at every stage from generation and collection through to final disposal. Nigeria is currently faced with the challenge of waste management couple with the dwindling oil revenue due to its overdependence on conventional energy. Energy generation is reported to be a global need and countries that have recorded improved power generation and distribution is now battling with increased energy demand which has made some countries to be rationalizing energy supply to their people. Nigeria seems to have been in energy deficit for a long time and successive governments have not been able to tackle this crisis head-on. Sourcing for revenue to tackle this need may be a mirage in view of global energy market which has further worsens in recent times as evidenced in the price of crude oil.
Nigeria solely depends on petroleum resources to source for income to tackle infrastructural gap and also natural gas has always remains most viable option of energy generation in the countries. Analysts, (2010) have even predicted that fossil fuel may no longer be a reliable source of energy generation in some years to come in view of its volatility and most importantly, it is not sustainable. It is therefore imperative for government to expedite action on how to develop a more sustainable blueprint on energy growth and expanding the existing source of energy in other to broaden power base of the country.
Various researchers have exploited plastic wastes for potentials energy generation as seen in many publications, plastics wastes are now receiving attention for possibly full scale economic activity as various environmentalists have emphasized plastic waste as a source of energy considering its recyclability and affordability. According to OyakeOmbiset al (2012), Lagos is believed to be generating highest volume of plastic wastes in Nigeria and this volume may triple in the couple of year if efforts are not geared toward redirecting the waste to economic fortunes of the country.
Babayemi (2009 ) reported that urban centres in Nigeria collect less than half of the plastic waste produced and 95 percent of that amount is either indiscriminately thrown away at various dumping sites on the periphery of urban centres, or at a number of so-called temporary sites, typically empty lots scattered throughout the cities. Throughout most of Sub- Saharan Africa plastic waste generation exceeds collection capacity (Jibril, Ibrahim, Dodo, Sheelah and Suleiman, 2012; Kaseva, 2005; Henry, 2006) as shown in Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Zambia and Kenya. There is a sharp rise in the amount of garbage generated by urban residents between now and 2025.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Over the years, Nigeria has improved in the areas of waste management. The effort of the federal government of Nigeria through the ministry of environment and mineral resource has been seen in most urban areas in Nigeria. However plastic waste management tends to be a problem since it not biodegradable. Another problem could be as a result of lack of funds from the government to help promote the plastic management practices by introducing equipments that are required to properly recycle plastic waste for commercial purpose. Finally, several researches has been carried out on the waste management but not even a single research has been carried out on circular economy; looking at transforming plastic waste recycling into Nigeria economy.
1.3 AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The main aim of the research work is examine circular economy; looking at transforming plastic waste recycling into Nigeria economy. Other specific objectives of the study are:
1. to determine the methods used in plastic waste recycling in Lagos State
2. to determine the effect of plastic waste recycling on the Nigeria economy
3. to investigate on the factors affecting plastic waste recycling in Lagos State
4. to determine the benefits of the products from plastic waste recycling to Lagos State
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
The study came up with research questions so as to ascertain the above stated objectives of the study. The research questions for the study are:
1. What are the methods used in plastic waste recycling in Lagos State?
2. What is the effect of plastic waste recycling on the Nigeria economy?
3. What are the factors affecting plastic waste recycling in Lagos State?
4. What are the benefits of the products from plastic waste recycling to Lagos State?
1.5 STATEMENT OF RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
H0: plastic waste recycling in Lagos state has no significant effect on the Nigeria economy
H1: plastic waste recycling in Lagos state has significant effect on the Nigeria economy
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
The study on circular economy; looking at transforming plastic waste recycling into Nigeria economy will be of immense benefit to the plastic industries in Lagos State in the sense that the study will discuss the types recycling method used in plastic waste recycling and the effect of plastic waste recycling on Nigeria economy. The study will serve as a repository of information to other researchers that desire to carry out similar research on the above topic. Finally the study will contribute to the body of existing literature on plastic waste recycling.
1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The study on circular economy; looking at transforming plastic waste recycling into Nigeria economy will focus on Lagos State; covering the types recycling method used in plastic waste recycling and the effect of plastic waste recycling on Nigeria economy
1.8 LIMITATION OF STUDY
Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).
Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work
1.9 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Waste ManagementWaste management is the activities and actions required to manage waste from its inception to its final disposal.
PracticeThe actual application or use of an idea, belief, or method, as opposed to theories relating to it.
ProductionThe action of making or manufacturing from components or raw materials, or the process of being so manufactured.
Plastics: Plastic is material consisting of any of a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic organic compounds that are malleable and so can be molded into solid objects
Recycling: Recycling is the process of converting waste materials into new materials and objects; It is an alternative to "conventional" waste disposal that can save material and help lower greenhouse gas emissions
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