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CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION
1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY
Clearance is a status granted individuals, typically members of the military, university graduates and employees of governments and their contractors, allowing them access to classified information, i.e. state secrets. The term "clearance” is also sometimes used in private organizations that have a formal process to vet employees for access to sensitive information. A clearance by itself is normally not sufficient to gain access; the organization must determine that the cleared individual has a "need to know" the information. No one is supposed to be granted access to classified information solely because of rank or position, but once a clearance is obtained, access to certain information or gain of freedom will be granted. As many universities have choosing to pursue the dynamic educational options available online. The advantages of e-learning are many. As people of all ages and backgrounds become increasingly reliant on the internet for information, online learning becomes more convenient and efficient here the need for an online clearance system. The skills needed to 39 access and comprehend information online are becoming commonplace, and the flexibility of wireless computing means that any coffee shop, airport or bedroom can become a classroom. Online courses, registrations, clearance have few, if any scheduling restrictions, well-integrated learning resources and competitive degree options, with an online clearance system. The changing online college landscape now includes online clearance system, traditional undergraduate and general studies programs. However, career learning is still the most popular online training option.
1.2 STATEMENT OF STUDY
The processes of clearing students after their graduation requires that the students be cleared in various departments and information units. Among which are:
Library fines and overdue or lost library materials from the University
Infirmary and bookstore charges
Residence hall damage charges
Return of athletic equipment
Student Union Fee
Bursary and all other charges 39 For a graduating student to carry out his or her clearance from all these departments, it normally takes a lot of time and a lot of processes and delays in clearing the student for youth service as well as collection of statement of result. Hence it became imperative for an online clearance system to eliminate the shortcomings of the manual system in place.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The objectives of this project include: To effectively and efficiently process students clearance To provide a reliable and transparent system devoid of personal inclinations and interest To provide border 39 students to achieve whatever they want to achieve without coming to the various offices for clearance. Clear advantages of Internet information processing over those of traditional manual system are higher yields. Online clearance system allows the users to check their clearance status as whether they are in any way indebted to the school, fill and submit their clearance form, and obtain their clearance letter. There are many other advantages of online clearance system and some of them are listed below. o It saves a lot of time. o It is very convenient to use it right from the bedroom, office or anywhere in the World. o Information processing are very fast and delays can be avoided. o It is inexpensive to students and school management. Help the school in reducing costs such as labour and stationary.
1.5 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This research work is limited to clearance system for graduating students from Caritas University. The software developed will be carried out using HTML, Visual Basic and Ms Access to manage both the database and at the same time make the software online.
This project covers all aspect of online clearance system using Caritas University as a case study. However, the following were the constraints:
Time constraints: Due to time constraint, the web – page developed covers only clearance from various departments by the graduating students.
Financial constraints: It would cost a lot to develop a full web – based clearance system.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Computer Network: Computer Network is a system that connects two or more computers together using a communication link.
World Wide Web: World Wide Wed simply called www is the most important tool of the Internet. It was created in the late 1980s in Europe and was used limitedly in academic cycle.
Clearance: Official certification of blamelessness, trustworthiness, or suitability for graduation and issue of certificates in degree course.
Databases: A systematically arranged collection of computer data, structured so that it can be automatically retrieved or mani
File Transfer: Any kind of computer file can be sent via the Internet from one Internet user to another. Table of accounts on spreadsheets, design by a graphic artists, music sound files etc, can all be exchanged in this way.
Web Brower: This is a special kind of software that processes hypertext make-up language (HTML) document. In other words, a web browser is a computer program that interprets HTML command to collect, arranged and display the parts of a web page.
Web Site: A website is a collection of many interconnected web pages organized by a specific college, organization company etc, containing web pages (good and commodities) on the Internet. Web site are stored on web servers. There are many web site and thousand of HTML pages on each web site. A web site is a treasure of information and entertainment. Hyperlinks:
Hyperlinks are highlighted words and phrase you find on web documents that you can click on as to jump to some other documents or Internet services.
Online: Connected via a computer attached to or available via a central computer network.
Offline: Disconnected from computer network; describes a computer 39 terminal or peripheral device disconnected from a computer network.
System: Set of computer components that is, an assembling of hardware, software and peripherals functioning together.
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