This chapter presents the introduction of court proceedings management system. It contains the theoretical background, aim and objectives of the study, statement of the problem, purpose of the study, aim and objectives of the study, research questions, scope and significance of the study, organization of the research and definition of terms.
There are a number of trends and issues affecting courts that creates an impetus for greater use of available technology. As legal practice has become more technologically advanced, pressure mounts on the courts to join the flow of technological progress. One aspect of this impetus for technological growth is increased interest in implementation of e-filing and/or a more or less paperless court process. A court proceedings management system is an e-filling (electronic filing) system that enables the record and management of court cases. A court proceedings management system can provide for more effective use of resources for data input and retrieval, as well as in system deployment and maintenance. This system can assist the court in meeting current demands for information by making access to case and court data more effective and efficient. A well designed court proceedings management system will provide core functionality that provides meaningful benefits to courts. It provides efficient data entry, more effective data retrieval, better and enhanced information access .
In a court, information is everything. The verdict of the judge for instance and the name of the plaintiff, defendant, witness etc are all relevant information that needs to be stored for future reference. Many courts especially in Nigeria are not adopting Information and Communication Technology to facilitate the recording and retrieval of information despite the importance. Technological developments in the world have made organizations to shift from manual systems to computerized systems. With due consideration to software applications such as database management which enables large amount of information to be stored, it is therefore important as organizations are looking for easier, faster and less expensive ways of managing information. This background has necessitated the development of this research study .
1.1 Theoretical Background
The technologies adopted to implement the system are Visual BASIC 6.0 programming language and MySQL. The programming language provides the tools needed to create a graphical user interface that will be used to capture court case records. The interface will in turn be linked to the database. The source code below for instance shows the command to save a court case record to the database.
Private Sub Command1_Click()
MsgBox “SAVED, CASE REGISTERED”
Fig 1.1: Message box
1.2 Statement of Problem
The major problem that gave rise to this research project are face by staff of magistrate court, Ikot Ubo in Nsit Ubium. The problems are:
Accumulation of paper files which may get missing and problem in the management of case files are some of the problems faced by courts.
It is also imperative to note that there is a significant level of delay in the retrieval of needed information to make informed decisions.
Unauthorized usage and access to important case records by intruders and impersonators in the ministry.
It is in view of these problems that this research work is carried out to improve the services of courts by developing a court proceedings management system.
1.3 Aim/Objectives of the Study
The aim of the study is to develop application software that would handle court case record management system. The following are the objectives of the study to achieve the aim:
To develop a database application to store court case records
To develop a system that can be used to retrieve needed information of court cases.
To develop an effective system that can be used to update court case records.
To develop a system that can replace the manual system of saving court case records.
1.4 Scope of the Study
This study covers the development of Computerized law court information system, a case study of magistrate court Ikot ubo in NSIT UBIUM. It is limited to an information system to manage court case records.
1.5 Significance of the Study
The significance of the study is that it will facilitate the easy storage and retrieval of needed information pertaining to court case records. This will in turn boost the operations of the courts and make them operate professionally.
1.6 Organization of the Research
The research project has been arranged in the following order:
Chapter one starts with the introduction, theoretical background, and statement of problem, aims and objectives of the study, organization of research and definition of terms.
Chapter two focuses on the review of related literature.
Chapter three is concerned with the system analysis and design which includes: Research Methodology, System Analysis, Analysis of the Existing System, Problem of the Existing System, Analysis of the Proposed System, Advantages of the Proposed System, and Disadvantages of the Proposed System, System Design, Input Layout, Program Flowchart, and Output Format.
And also Chapter four consists of system implementation and documentation which are system design, diagram, choice of program language, analysis of modules, programming environment, hardware/software requirement and implementation.
Chapter five contains summary, conclusion, constraint of the study and recommendation.
1.7 Definition of Terms
Court: Meeting where legal judgments are made. Also seen as an official body that has authority to try cases, resolve disputes, or make other legal decisions.
Case: A matter examined or judged in a court of law.
Crime: An action prohibited by law or failure to act as required by law.
Plaintiff: Somebody who brings a law suit against somebody else (defendant) in court.
Defendant: a person or company required to answer charges in a court.