ANALYSIS OF FACTORS INFLUENCING MATERIAL WASTAGE ON BUILDING SITE IN NIGERIA (A Case Study of Kaduna State)

ANALYSIS OF FACTORS INFLUENCING MATERIAL WASTAGE ON BUILDING SITE IN NIGERIA (A Case Study of Kaduna State)

The Complete Project Research Material is averagely 61 pages long and is in Ms Word Format, it has 1-5 Chapters. Major Attributes are Abstract, All Chapters, Figures, Appendix, References

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ABSTRACT

Having the necessary skill, ability, knowledge in minimizing wastage of materials on building is a goal to which every building firm no matter its size should aspire. This research is aim at Analysis of factors influencing material wastage on building sites in Kaduna (metropolis), which focus on four building materials namely (block, concrete, cement and timber). The objectives set for this study are: To identify the major causes of material wastage, to rank the factors causing the material wastage according to their influence on the budget of the project and to proffer possible means of reducing the wastage. The study was carried out on building project situated in Kaduna. Data were obtained through the use of well structured questionnaire and results were analyzed using Average index and ranking. It was discovered from the analysis that factors such as poor handling, transportation, insufficient planning of site layout, poor supervision, uncertainty of material consumption and lack of maintained path way are the major causes of waste of (block, concrete, cement and timber). Based on these findings the following recommendations were made; proper planning and transportation of material, proper planning of site lay out and supervision and quantity control as a means of reducing material wastage on building sites.    


TABLE OF CONTENT

Title page ………………………………………………………………………………………….i

Approval page …………………………………………………………………………………….ii

Declaration …………………………………………………………………………………….....iii

Dedication ………………………………………………………………………………………..iv

Acknowledgement………………………………………………………………………………...v

Abstract …………………………………………………………………………………………..vi

Table of content …………………………………………………………………………………vii

CHAPTER ONE

Introduction………………………………………………………………………………………1

1.1              Background of the Study …………………………………………………………………1

1.2              Statement of the Problem …………………………………………………………………3

1.3              Significance of the Study …………………………………………………………………4

1.4              Research Questions………………………………………………………………………..4

1.5              Limitation and Scope of Study …………………………………………………………...5

CHAPTER TWO

Review of Related Literature……………………………………………………………………6

2.1       Introduction………………………………………………………………………………..6

2.1       Concept of Waste………………………………………………………………………….7

2.2       Sources of Waste  …………………………………………………………………………7

2.3       Type of Construction Wastes ……………………………………………………………11

2.4       Management of Waste Materials………………………………………………………...12

2.5       Factor Affecting Recycling………………………………………………………………15

2.6       Benefits of Waste Minimization ………………………………………………………...15

2.7       Waste Management………………………………………………………………………16

2.8       Protection of Materials on Site ………………………………………………………….20

2.9       Factors Responsible for Material Wastage on Building Construction Site……………..22

CHAPTER THREE

Methodology……………………………………………………………………………………31

3.1       Introduction……………………………………………………………………………..31

3.2       Research Design ………………………………………………………………………..31

3.3       Research Population ……………………………………………………………………32

3.4       Sampling Frame ………………………………………………………………………..32

3.5       Sampling Size …………………………………………………………………………..33

3.6       Sampling Technique and Procedure ……………………………………………………33

3.7       Data Collection Instrument……………………………………………………………...33

3.8       Procedure for Data Collection …………………………………………………………..34

3.9       Method for Data Analysis………………………………………………………………..34

CHAPTER FOUR

Data Presentation, Analysis and Discussion Findings………………………………………..35

4.1       Introduction………………………………………………………………………………35

4.2       Data Presentation and Questionnaire Survey ……………………………………………35

4.3       Discussing of Finding …………………………………………………………………...42

CHAPTER FIVE

Conclusion and Recommendation……………………………………………………………43

5.1       Conclusion………………………………………………………………………………43

5.2       Recommendation………………………………………………………………………..44

References……………………………………………………………………………………….45

Appendix………………………………………………………………………………………...46

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.6              Background of the Study

Material is a physical substance that thing can be made from or composed.




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