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This project is poised at X – raying the degree of “ the role of financial management in a corporate organization”. Making reference of Union Bank (nig) plc Enugu, Financial management is the management activities conceived with raising of capital, planning cash and credit requirements including the effective control of financial resources. Some thoughts were given to financial management to provide skilled planning, control and executive of financial activities. The because among the most crucial decisions of the firm are those which related to finance and therefore need to understand financial management which provides them with conceptual and analytical insights to make these decisions. The financial manager must take steps to ensure that the funds will actually be available and committed to the firm. The financial manager is usually responsible for gathering and analyzing the relevant information, making forecast of profit level to estimate profits from future sales, the firm must be aware of current cost and likely changes in the ability of the firm to sell its product as planned.
1.1 Background of the study
Financial management involves all activities of a financial manager concerned with rising of capital, planning cash and requirement melding the effective control of financial resources
The activities could be segregated as follows:
i. Converting force caste in to plans and budgets.
ii. Planning the appropriate capital structures
iii. Raising cash from outside the business
iv. Forecasting the future availably of and requirement of cash
v. Investing surplus funds
vi. Controlling cash balances and flows in accordance with plans and with changing circumstances.
With the emergence of finance as a separate field of study the emphasis was more or less on legal matters seen as mergers formation of new company’s disposal and consolidations.
This urge to improve and maximize wealth has led to the study of financial management of which attribute factors can be socialized as follows:
b. Business growth
c. Research and development expenses.
e. Competitive etc
Based on the above background, same thoughts were given a financial management to provide skillful planning, control, and execution of financial activities. The practicing managers and interested in this subject because among the most crucial decisions of the firm are those which related to finance and therefore the need to understand financial management which provides them with conceptual and analytical insights of capital funds, and using the suppliers of funds are called the finance function of any firm.
GOALS AND OBJECTIVES /ROLES OF FINANCIAL MANAGERS
Financial this is the life wire of any business organization and is developed in 1900 since it concerns the cultural flows of money as well as any claim against money, the financial managers subsequent decisions are made in much more co-ordinate manner directly responsible for the control process.
The financial managers is concerned with
a. Financial planning within the bank
b. Raising of funds
c. Allocation controlling
d. Financial controlling
This raising of funds involves organizing and censuring those funds necessary for carrying on the operations of the plan is available. The second fact of financial manager is the acquisition of funds.
Each has certain characteristics as cost: Maturing availability, the supplier of capital. On the basis of these factors, the financial manager of the bank must determine the best mix of finance for the banking industry. Therefore, the financial manager has task of formulation and execution of suitable financial policies in the interest of the organization. The major purpose of such policies is to plan co-ordinate, motivate and responsible for an efficient management of resource. An efficient financial manager thuds, serve as a valuable aid to the process of decision making a major contribution t pale of contribution to the pale of economic progress. The principal responsibility of financial manager involves a theory of evaluation of investment financial and dividend decisions with the objective of maximizing wealth. The financial manager studies the analytical techniques and the environment which financial decision are made. The financial manager keeps accurate financial records, preparing reports, managing the cost position providing the means for the payment of bills, processing funds in assets, and obtaining the best mix of financial in relation to overall development of the organization. The task of financial manager is invisibly faced with problems like those of profitability, Liquidity, and risk factors, which influence both internal and external environment. Only sound financial decision based on analysis, the planning, and control activities therefore can help optimization of value of operations. Optimization of profits and share holder’s wealth is one of those guiding objectives of business enterprise, which govern its allocation of resource and other financial manager. The financing manager must finally be aware of the sources available financing the business and be guided by times, selection and combination of these variables. That is the financial managers dilemma and the principles dilemma is that of profitability and liquidity while suitability is the principle of time balancing between assets and liabilities, that is using short term liabilities to
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
There has been unappreciated increase in the quest for the answer of the following questions posed in order to clarify the duties of financial manager which is the prospective rank of a student studying fiancé.
What is managerial finance Functions to the perfuming designed to accomplish pontific goals. How and when do the finance achieves the firms objective? What is the financial managers, definition of a fare-price and how is it related to his firms return and investment capital, one may logically ask, why are we interested in these cash flows, if they do not affect profit, why can their profit effect not be taken directly into account in the analysis? What tools and techniques are available to him and how does one go about measuring his performance? On a general scale do they have any operational meaning? That is how can managerial finance be used to further rational goals? Having identified these questions, the provision of the possible answers to the aforementioned question constitutes the area of consideration of this project. As stated a financial manager must find a rational based for answering the following three questions.
1. How large should an enterprise be and how fast it grow?
2. What should be the composition of this liability?
3. In what form should it hold its assets.
The questions stated above related to three board decision areas of financial management, investment financial manager becomes important that the primary researchers caudated on a named company serves dual purpose. This not only serves as paint of the tool in answering the questions but it mainly asked to unfold the extent the financial manager of the company is executing his duty according to the project.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The objectives of the study are;
1. To ascertain the method used by the company forecast additional fund needed to support the higher volume sacks and also plan for profit
2. To ascertain the financial ration used on evaluation and understanding of the result of their business operation.
3. To ascertain the role of financial management in corporate organization
For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;
H0: there is no financial ration used on evaluation and understanding of the result of their business operation
H1:there is financial ration used on evaluation and understanding of the result of their business operation
H02: there is no role of financial management in corporate organization
H2: there is role of financial management in corporate organization
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of this project the role financial management in a corporate organization is to equip the practicing financial managers, treasures, students of finance, and readers with a basic understanding of financial decision. The financial manger carries out financial decisions maximized through the following
a. Current asset management
b. Capital budgeting decision
c. Dividend decision
d. Financial decision
A. CURRENT ASSET MANAGEMENT
Financial management has every right to manage the long-term assets, and also the duty to manage current assets efficiently to safeguard the firm against liquidity insolvency.
Investments in current asset affect the firm’s profitability, Liquidity, and risk. If the firm does not invest sufficient funds in current assets, it may becomes illiquid. But it would less profitability as idle current asset would not earn anything. In order to ensure that it would not earn anything. In order to ensure that neither insufficient nor unnecessary funds are invested in current assets, infect he should develop sound techniques of managing current assets.
B. CAPITAL BUDGETING DECISION
Capital budgeting is investment decision of the firm to have its fund invested in long term project in anticipation of expected flow of future benefits over a period of years.
These decisions could be either to mechanize a process, replace a machine with another modern type, selecting between two machines, and production of new products or business expansion
Its features are;
1. Investing current funds for future benefits
2. The period of investment which involves long term activities?
3. The potential benefit, which will accrue to the firm over a period of time.
C. DIVIDEND DECISION
The financial manager must determine the optimum dividend payment ratio. He should consider the questions of dividend stability, stock dividends and cash dividend. Financial manager must decide whether the firms should distribute all profits or retain the balance.
D. FINANCIAL DECISION
The financial manger must decide when, how, and whom to acquire funds to meet the firm’s investment needs. The significant issue before him is to determine the proportion of equity capital and debt capital. A proper balance will have to be struck between return and risk once the financial manager is able to determine the best combination of debt and equity, he must raise the appropriate amount through best available sources.
1.6 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The scope of the study covers the role of financial management corporate organization. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;
a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.
c) Organizational privacy: Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT: Financial management refers to the efficient and effective management of money in such a manner as to accomplish the objectives of the organization. It is the specialized function directly associated with the top management
CORPORATE ORGANIZATION: A corporation is a business or organization formed by a group of people, and it has rights and liabilities separate from those of the individuals involved
1.8 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY
This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows
Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding. Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study
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