THE IMPACT OF SOCIO-CULTURAL FACTORS ON REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH A CASE STUDY OF ZARIA AND ITS ENVIRONS

THE IMPACT OF SOCIO-CULTURAL FACTORS ON REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH A CASE STUDY OF ZARIA AND ITS ENVIRONS

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ABSTRACT

The impact of socio cultural in the past shows little or no consideration of social taboo despite the work that was done; this is an attempt on how social taboo has influence reproductive health. The primary aim of this is to examine the spatio-temporal variation in number of response in Zaria.

The study is based on available birth record obtained from some selected hospitals. These are subjected to statistical analysis as the mean and percentages. However, the interpreted result indicate that social taboo and early marriage mostly the religious belief has effect on reproductive health by way of increasing number of birth in Zaria. Never the less, this information should serve as a preventive guide against population explosion and child health planning by non-governmental organization [NGO'S], stake holders as well as government at all level.

ABSTRACT

The impact of socio cultural in the past shows little or no consideration of social taboo despite the work that was done; this is an attempt on how social taboo has influence reproductive health. The primary aim of this is to examine the spatio-temporal variation in number of response in Zaria.

The study is based on available birth record obtained from some selected hospitals. These are subjected to statistical analysis as the mean and percentages. However, the interpreted result indicate that social taboo and early marriage mostly the religious belief has effect on reproductive health by way of increasing number of birth in Zaria. Never the less, this information should serve as a preventive guide against population explosion and child health planning by non-governmental organization [NGO'S], stake holders as well as government at all level.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

          Reproduction has played a vital role in our lives as humans and it only way of having increment in the society. More than half a million women in developing countries die each years as a result of mortality and pregnancy cases [WHO 2007] more especially in our countries. Culture: an impact in our reproductive system and it processes of giving birth to our younger ones.

Nigeria government has put in place a number of policies and laws. despite the effort, the reproductive health situation in Nigeria is still lagging or suffering.[2003 demographic survey] and other report of [WH02003] world health organization, example Nigeria with about three [3] million people infected with HIV and AIDS .[conference of HIV and AIDS 2004] is the second country after south-Africa with the largest number of people living with HIV and AIDS in Africa. The mortality rate put at about one thousand [1,000] death per ten thousand [100,000] birth is one of the highest in the world. For every woman that dies about [15-20] suffer morbidities according to [WHO] report on morbidities in Nigeria ABUTH Zaria 2003. Similarly, the child mortality ratio remains one of the worst in the world. [Ness to comprehensive information for health care services]

Looking through the socio-cultural factor, culture is as old as man himself the role which culture played in our society. Today has therefore affected reproductive in our Africa environments particularly the adolescent in our country has remained a great challenge, some religions and customary practices have continued to be misinterpreted to endanger the lives and health of women in country.

Some factors which will be emphasize on reproductive health in our environment has to do with child early marriage with an attendant consequences. Such as withdrawal of girl from school, high mortality rate and prevalence of condition like Viscous Vagmal Fistula [VVF] or Reatol Vagmal Fistula [RUF] among people.

Reproductive health as a human condition which involves not just the absence of dieses or infirmity of reproductive systems or its process but involves

1.1     AIM OF THE STUDY

To access the impact of socio-cultural factors on reproductive health in Zaria local government area

1.2 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

To the following are the objectives.

1.     To get some insight about socio-cultural related issues

2.     To assess the impact of socio-cultural factors on reproductive health among the people of Zaria.

3.     To find lasting solutions to reproductive problem facing people particularly those in Zaria local government area.

1.3     HYPOTHYESIS

For the purpose of this research the following are, postulated as the hypothesis: l-socio-cultural factors have significant impact on human reproduction and also the population in Zaria local government.

1.4 SOURCE OF THE DATA

The Source of the data to be used for the study will be mainly from secondary source. This are officially records of pregnancy stored in some selected hospital in the local government.

Data will be collected from hospitals in Gyallesu, Tudun Wada and Zaria city on reproductive health

B-METHOD OF DATA ANALYSIS

The data will be analyzed using charts, table, graphs and histogram. Percentage will be used for more vivid and visual presentation of the information received from the question ire.

1.5 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS

Reproductive health is a very crucial issue that affect our lives especially women. This is one of problem facing the health issue of people in Zaria local government.

Therefore, there is a need to look at what are the factors which have effect on Reproductive health in other to improve the situation.

SCOPES AND LIMITATION

The focus of this study will be on the impact of socio-cultural to reproductive health in Zaria local government area of Kaduna state. The work will look at the role which culture played in the life of the populations of Zaria such as: Tudun Wada, Zaria City, Gyallesu and Dakachi.

LIMITATION

As human beings, it is natural to encounter some difficult in carrying out a research of this nature.

These problems vary, ranging mostly from the lack of sufficient funds, insufficient time due to academic work load, scarcity of material and unwillingness of respondents, encountered in the course of dispatching questionnaire.

Thus the researcher decided to limit the research work to the last area of 1988 and also reference is made to the period after 1988 as well as the Zaria city, which is the major participant of the regulatory system.

PHYSICAL BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY AREA

The town called Zaria is originated from the history of the Hausa culture Zaria entirely was firmed right from the origin of the famous founding father of the Hausas [BAI-JINDA] the Zaria was named among the children of BAI-JIDDA called the Hausa Bai-Jidda meaning the seven sons daughters of Bai-Jidda which are the Kano, Sokoto, Zaria, Daura, Katsina etc. Zaria was named by the famous Queen Amina who ruled over Zaria since before the arrival of the British colonial masters.

Zaria is so grant with the emir as the ruler of Zaria. It is traditionally forming of government with it numerous followers.

LOCATION OF ZARIA

Zaria is located between longitude 7oE and latitude 11oN [Aladepo 1955] in Kaduna state of Nigeria, the central part of the northern state of Nigerian it is about 65km from the state capital. And also one of the province that constitute the central plane of northern Nigeria. It is about 670m above other main sea levels. The metropolis include includes samaru, Tudun-wada and Zaria city.



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