Get the complete project »
- The Complete Research Material is averagely 118 pages long and it is in Ms Word Format, it has 1-5 Chapters.
- Major Attributes are Abstract, All Chapters, Figures, Appendix, References.
- Study Level: MTech, MSc or PhD.
- Full Access Fee: ₦8,000
The quality assessment of borehole and well waters from ten locations in Enugu urban area were studied and compared with World Health Organisation standards. The parameters measured include temperature, color, pH, electrical conductivity, total hardness, calcium hardness, magnesium hardness, total solids, total dissolved solids, total suspended solids, alkalinity, chloride, sulphate, phosphate, nitrate, copper, cadmium, zinc, lead, iron, and total coliform. Langelier Saturation and Ryznar Stability Indices were also calculated for some of these parameters. The results obtained at daily intervals were plotted and they showed pollution of seven of the boreholes. Concentrations of Cadmium were high above the limit in six of the boreholes while concentrations of lead and phosphates were high in only two of the boreholes, with respect to the WHO permissible limits for potable water. All the waters show presence of coliform and corrosion potentials. Consequently, these ground waters in this study require treatment before they will be good for human consumption.
The use of water by man is as old as the existence of human beings since water, which is a natural resource, is indispensable to life.
Water is a common chemical substance that is essential for the survival of all known forms of life. It is used in vast quantities for drinking purposes, and even in greater quantities for washing, bleaching, dyeing, cooling, raising steam to drive engines or turbines to generate electricity and in other industrial processes far too numerous to mention [1,2].
As a result of industrialisation and urbanisation, people migrate to townships and the population in these cities become too high; so is the need for water. Although surface water such as lakes, rivers, streams and springs are easily accessible, there is a great quest for people to drill borehole ground waters which are thought to be of better quality. It is pertinent to observe that there are
several human activities, which have indirect and devastating effects on ground water quality. Such activities include accidental or unauthorized release of chemical substances, discharge of untreated effluents, leaching of noxious liquids from solid waste deposits, surface runoff, untreated sewage, from population around the area [4,5]. This is because these pollutants or contaminants are carried by water and water moves easily through the soil and underlying rocks. This occurs particularly where the soil is sandy, gravelley or shallow or over porous limestone bedrock .
It is therefore the concern of scientists to ensure that the supply of water is maintained at sufficient purity for the masses to use. All the water from the borehole to the consumption level ought to meet the standards laid down by World Health Organization for drinking water to make the water potable. Substandard water samples can lead to diseases such as typhoid fever, dysentery, cholera and other types of gastrointestinal disturbances.For
drinking water to be safe, the concentration of undesirable substances should not exceed the levels established by World Health Organization as shown in Table 1below
Table 1: WHO Permissible Values
5 – 25 units
Taste and odor
6.0 – 8.5
Electrical conductivity (µmhoscm–1)
Alkalinity (mg–1) CaCO3
Total solids (mg-1)
Total dissolved solids (mgl–1)
Total suspended solid (mgl–1)
Total hardness (mgl–1) CaCO3
Calcium hardness (mg-1) CaCO3
Magnesium (mg-1) CaCO3
You either get what you want or your money back. T&C Apply
You can find more project topics easily, just search
SIMILAR ACCOUNTING FINAL YEAR PROJECT RESEARCH TOPICS
» TABLE OF CONTENTS Title Page Title Page i Declaration ii Certification iii Dedication iv Acknowledgement v Table of content vi List of Tables x Abstra...Continue Reading »
2. INTERNAL AUDIT AS A TOOL IN ACHIEVING THE ORGANISATIONAL OBJECTIVES; A CASE STUDY OF MAINSTREET BANK OF NIGERIA PLC, ASABA» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The system of controls adopted in any economy greatly determines the development and growth of th...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1Background of the study According to Fadzil et al (2005), the technology revolution in accounting and auditing began in th...Continue Reading »
» The article on this topic (problems of tax collection in Nigeria) is an extract from literature review of the project material. The complete project w...Continue Reading »
» ABSTRACT The study investigated the Effects of Working Capital Management on the profitability of manufacturing Company, A Case study of Cadbury Niger...Continue Reading »
6. OWNERSHIP STRUCTURE AND THE INFORMATIVENESS OF ACCOUNTING EARNINGS OF LISTED DEPOSIT MONEY BANKS IN NIGERIA» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study Accounting has developed over time as an essential stewardship function, which enables owners of ...Continue Reading »
7. THE EFFECT OF SINGLE PARENTAL IN BAYELSA (CASE STUDY OF A[IEBIRI COMMUNITY LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF BAYELSA STATE)» ABSTRACT The research work on the effect of single parent looks at the attitude toword girl child education as a less important to primary education. ...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1. BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY The Small and medium scale enterprises sector has been recognized worldwide for its role in econ...Continue Reading »
9. PERSONAL INCOME TAX PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS IN AKWA IBOM STATE (A STUDY OF BOARD OF INTERNAL REVENUE)» ABSTRACT Taxation is a fiscal measures used by government to control the economy as well as raise funds for infrastructural development, level up inco...Continue Reading »
» CHAPTER ONE 1.1 INTRODUCTION Inventory control involves provision for a flow of goods in and out of a business organization. Inventory control improve...Continue Reading »